There is a lot more to Tanzania than just national parks, big cats and elephants. From colonial era museums and other structures to modern luxury hotels, tourists enjoy a lot of options to enjoy nature.
Home to Africa's majestic Mount Kilimanjaro rising above the Serengeti,
Tanzania is also appreciated by scuba divers and snorkelers who visit Africa from around the globe to explore the bright coral gardens and colorful fish in the crystal clear waters.
The Top 10 Tanzanian Destinations For Your Summer Holidays:
1. Mount Kilimanjaro
One of the most frequently visited Tanzania Destinations; Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain peak of Africa. Majestic snow-capped mountains and a challenge to reach the summit make it even more interesting to visit. The best period to Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is from late June to October, during the dry season. However, Kilimanjaro can be climbed at any time of the year.
Formed over 1 million years ago by the volcanic movement along the Rift Valley, the highest point marked is the Uhuru peak on Kibo. Mount Kilimanjaro rises from farmlands on the lower grounds to alpine meadows and rainforests and then gradually descends into the barren lunar landscapes of the peaks. The alpine zone is home to avian denizens and is a happy place for birdwatchers.
2. Serengeti National Park
Serengeti etymologically meaning an 'extended place' in Masai language is a vast treeless plain with millions of animals stranded in search of grasslands.
The Serengeti National Park witnesses an annual migration of millions of wildebeests and zebras in May and early June. The migration is one of the most impressive natural events and attracts wildlife adventurers from all over the world.
3. Zanzibar Beaches
The Zanzibar group of small and large islands is a major holiday Tanzania Destinations that is known for its beautiful sea capped beaches. The Tanzania Beaches have varying surf depending on the side of the island which you are in. Tourists find white sands blending with the clear shallow waters and traditional boats.
4. Ngorongoro Conservation Area
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area home to one of Tanzania's most popular wildlife viewing areas and the famous volcanic Ngorongoro Crater is located between Lake Manyara and Serengeti. The large volcanic crater has a permanent water supply which is the major reason of wildlife population in the area. Visitors come here majorly for bird watching primarily in the Olduvai Gorge. The important archaeological site has the ancient skull and bone fragments from the early mankind.
The Ngorongoro Crater, the largest intact ancient caldera in the world that is nearly three million years old was once the tallest mountain before the volcanic explosion.
Lake Magadi is an excellent bird watching spot attracting flamingo flocks to the shallows.
5. Olduvai Gorge
The Olduvai Gorge situated on a series of fault lines has pieces of evidence to prove at least three hominid species living in this region over 2 million years ago.
Evidence discovered in the archaeological site-
6. Lake Manyara National Park
Comprising of woodlands, forests, grasslands and swamps, the Lake Manyara National Park has two-thirds of the total area covered by water. The lake region is host to flamingoes in the migratory season. The highlights of Lake Manyara Park are the tree-climbing hippos and lions and the large population of elephants that can be observed at a much closer range than in other parks. The National park is home to the largest community of baboons as well as a diverse bird life.
Popular activities in Lake Manyara National Park include bird watching, mountain bike tours, wildlife drives and canoeing.
7. Pemba Island
The northernmost island in the Zanzibar archipelago, Pemba Island has some of the best scuba diving spots in the area. With unparalleled visibility, colourful sponges, lush coral gardens and sea fans found in the underwater haven have a laidback atmosphere. Visitors can watch the traditional bullfighting in its deep, hilly mountains. The 1000 meter high peaks attract mountain bikers from all over the world.
Pemba also has visitors from throughout East Africa to learn voodoo and traditional healing techniques.
8. Selous Game Reserve
The largest game reserve in Africa, covering 5% of Africa's total area, Selous Game Reserve contains some a series of some stiff cliffs, woodlands, rivers, open grasslands and plains.
Bisected by the Rufiji River, the game reserve has a broad range including elephants, rhinos, antelopes, giraffe, wildebeest, leopard and cheetah. The diverse bird life includes over 350 species of birds.
9. Arusha National Park
Smaller than other Tanzanian National parks yet one of the most visited places of the country, the Arusha National Park has a range of habitats including craters, mountain peaks, lakes and a series of seven crater lakes. People flock in the region to Climbing Mount Meru and spot the diverse wildlife.
The National park has a steep ascent passing through moorlands, giant heather zones, forests and parklands.
10. Lake Victoria
The largest freshwater lake in Africa bordered by Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania is the source of White Nile and is one of the most popular lakes of the Tanzania Destinations. Fishing trips and bird watching are popular excursion activities in the area.